FANDOM


m (Gonzalo84 moved page Who Are You to Who Are You? over redirect)
m
 
(19 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{buffyepisode
+
{{Episode
| season = 4
+
|season = 4
| number = 16
+
|number = 16
| image = WhoAreYouMaIN.jpg
+
|image = Who Are You.jpg
| airdate = February 29, 2000
+
|airdate = February 29, [[2000]]
| writer = [[Joss Whedon]]
+
|writer = [[Joss Whedon]]
| director = [[Joss Whedon]]
+
|director = Joss Whedon
| previous = "[[This Year's Girl]]"
+
|code = 4ABB16
| next = "[[Superstar]]"<br />Angel<br />"[[Five by Five]]"
+
|series = ''[[Buffy the Vampire Slayer]]''
| cast = {{CastList
+
|previous = "[[This Year's Girl]]"
| starring = {{CastGroup|{{CastActor|name=Sarah Michelle Gellar|character=Faith Lehane|billed=Faith{{h:title|Faith in Buffy's body|*}}}}
+
|next = "[[Superstar]]"
| {{CastActor|name=Nicholas Brendon|character=Xander Harris|billed=Xander}}
+
|series2 = ''[[Angel (series)|Angel]]''
| {{CastActor|name=Alyson Hannigan|character=Willow Rosenberg|billed=Willow}}
+
|previous2 = "[[The Prodigal]]"
| {{CastActor|name=Marc Blucas|character=Riley Finn|billed=Riley}}
+
|next2 = "[[The Ring]]"
| {{CastActor|name=James Marsters|character=Spike}}
+
|stars = [[Sarah Michelle Gellar]] [[Faith Lehane|Faith]]<br />[[Nicholas Brendon]] [[Alexander Harris|Xander]]<br />[[Alyson Hannigan]] [[Willow Rosenberg|Willow]]<br />[[Marc Blucas]] [[Riley Finn|Riley]]<br />[[James Marsters]] [[Spike]]<br />[[Anthony Stewart Head]] [[Rupert Giles|Giles]]
| {{CastActor|name=Anthony Stewart Head|character=Rupert Giles|billed=Giles}}}}
+
|gueststars = [[Kristine Sutherland]] [[Joyce Summers|Joyce]]<br />[[Amber Benson]] [[Tara Maclay|Tara]]<br />[[Leonard Roberts]] [[Forrest Gates|Forrest]]<br />[[George Hertzberg]] [[Adam]]<br />[[Chet Grissom]] [[Clark|Detective]]<br />[[Alastair Duncan]] [[Collins]]<br />[[Emma Caulfield]] [[Anya Jenkins|Anya]]<br />[[Eliza Dushku]] [[Buffy Summers|Buffy]]
| gueststarring = {{CastGroup|{{CastActor|name=Kristine Sutherland|character=Joyce Summers|billed=Joyce}}
+
|costars = [https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0824150 Rick Stear] [[Boone (vampire)|Boone]]<br />[[Jeff Ricketts]] [[Weatherby]]<br />[[Kevin Owers]] [[Smith]]<br />[https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0694007 Amy Powell] [[Unidentified reporter|Reporter]]<br />[https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0769302 Rick Scarry] — [[Ogden|Sergeant]]<br />[https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0017019 Jennifer S. Albright] — [[Unidentified girl (Who Are You?)|Date]]
| {{CastActor|name=Amber Benson|character=Tara Maclay|billed=Tara}}
+
|uncredited = [https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0666551 Craig Patton] Doctor
| {{CastActor|name=Leonard Roberts|character=Forrest Gates|billed=Forrest}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=George Hertzberg|character=Adam}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Chet Grissom|character=Detective Clark|billed=Detective}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Alastair Duncan|character=Collins}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Emma Caulfield|character=Anya Jenkins|billed=Anya}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Eliza Dushku|character=Buffy Summers|billed=Buffy{{h:title|Buffy in Faith's body|*}}}}}}
 
| costarring = {{CastGroup|{{CastActor|name=Rick Stear|imdb=0824150|character=Boone (vampire)|billed=Boone}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Jeff Ricketts|character=Weatherby}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Kevin Owers|character=Smith}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Amy Powell|imdb=0694007|billed=Reporter}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Rick Scarry|imdb=0769302|billed=Sergeant}}
 
| {{CastActor|name=Jennifer S. Albright|imdb=0017019|billed=Date}}}}
 
| uncredited = {{CastGroup|{{CastActor|name=Craig Patton|imdb=0666551|billed=Doctor}}}}}}
 
 
}}
 
}}
   
"'''Who Are You?'''" is the sixteenth episode of the [[Buffy the Vampire Slayer#Season Four|fourth season]] of ''[[Buffy the Vampire Slayer]]'', and is the seventy-second episode altogether. It was written and directed by [[Joss Whedon]]. It originally broadcast on February 29, 2000.
+
"'''{{PAGENAME}}'''" is the sixteenth episode of the [[Buffy the Vampire Slayer season 4|fourth season]] of ''[[Buffy the Vampire Slayer]]'', and is the seventy-second episode altogether. Written and directed by [[Joss Whedon]], it originally broadcast on February 29, [[2000]] on [[The WB]] network.
 
[[Buffy Summers]] (in [[Faith Lehane|Faith]]'s body) is abducted by the [[Watchers Council Special Operations Team]], while Faith (in Buffy's body) has ruthless fun at Buffy's expense. After rescuing a group of people in a church that has been attacked by [[vampires]], they switch their bodies back.
 
   
 
==Synopsis==
 
==Synopsis==
[[Image:416_WhoAreYou1.jpg|thumb|left|Faith: Because it's ''wrong''!]]
+
THE CONCLUSION OF A TWO-PART EPISODE WHEN [[Faith Lehane|FAITH]] RETURNS — [[Buffy Summers|Buffy]] battles to escape the clutches of the [[Watchers Council Special Operations Team|Watcher's Council special operations team]] who plan to send her to England, while Faith continues to wreak havoc in the lives of Buffy's family and friends. Meanwhile, it's [[Willow Rosenberg|Willow]] and [[Tara Maclay|Tara]] who figure out Buffy's whereabouts, but not before Faith has done some serious damage to Buffy's relationship with [[Riley Finn|Riley]].<ref>[https://web.archive.org/web/20010331024447/http://www.buffy.com/slow/mortuary/index_anno4.html "The Mortuary"]. ''Buffy The Vampire Slayer''. Archived from [http://www.buffy.com/slow/mortuary/index_anno4.html the original] June 9, 2001.</ref>
   
Faith (in Buffy's body) stands by [[Joyce Summers]] while Buffy (in Faith's body) is carried away in an ambulance. They discuss Faith, and Joyce notes how horribly unhappy Faith must be. After their conversation, Joyce hugs Faith, who is uncomfortable by this sudden affection. Afterward, Faith goes upstairs to take a bath. She tries to get used to her new body, and practices phrases she thinks Buffy would say. Faith then crimps her hair, puts on sultry makeup, and gets dressed up in black leather. Soon after, she buys a plane ticket with Joyce's credit card, and then goes out to meet the [[Scooby Gang|gang]]. Meanwhile, [[Willow Rosenberg]] and [[Tara Maclay]] talk about Faith, and Tara confesses that she "belongs" to Willow.
+
==Summary==
  +
Faith (in Buffy's body) stands by [[Joyce Summers|Joyce]] while Buffy (in Faith's body) is carried away in an ambulance. They discuss Faith, and Joyce notes how horribly unhappy Faith must be. After their conversation, Joyce hugs Faith, who is uncomfortable by this sudden affection. Afterward, Faith goes upstairs to take a bath. She tries to get used to her new body, and practices phrases she thinks Buffy would say. Faith then crimps her hair, puts on sultry makeup, and gets dressed up in black leather. Soon after, she buys a plane ticket with Joyce's credit card, and then goes out to meet the [[Scooby Gang]]. Meanwhile, Willow and Tara talk about Faith, and Tara confesses that she belongs to Willow.
   
An armored truck runs into the police car carrying Buffy and leather-clad operatives of the [[Watchers Council]] jump out. They capture Buffy and put her in the back of their truck. Faith attends a meeting at[[Rupert Giles|&nbsp;Giles]]'s apartment with Xander, Willow and Anya (who makes Faith uneasy as she has no idea who Anya is). Faith happily tells the gang Faith is on her way to prison, but Giles tells them this is unlikely as the Watchers Council has sent a team to apprehend the rogue slayer and take her back to England, meaning they are unlikely to see her again. Faith is ecstatic at the news and she celebrates by dancing with several men and women (concurrently) at the [[The Bronze|Bronze]] until she runs into [[Spike]].
+
An armored truck runs into the police car carrying Buffy and leather-clad operatives of the [[Watchers Council]] jump out. They capture Buffy and put her in the back of their truck. Faith attends a meeting at [[Rupert Giles's apartment|Giles's apartment]] with [[Alexander Harris|Xander]], Willow, and [[Anya Jenkins|Anya]], who makes Faith uneasy, as she has no idea who Anya is. Faith happily tells the gang Faith is on her way to prison, but [[Rupert Giles|Giles]] tells them this is unlikely as the Watcher's Council has sent a team to apprehend the rogue slayer and take her back to England, meaning they are unlikely to see her again. Faith is ecstatic at the news, and she celebrates by dancing concurrently with several men and women at the [[Bronze]] until she runs into [[Spike]].
   
Once she realizes who Spike is, Faith speaks to him seductively and teases him ruthlessly, telling him all the things she could do to his body; when it is obvious that Spike is confused, yet attracted to her, she concludes by telling him that she won't do anything she could do to Spike "... because it's wrong." Frustrated and furious, Spike promises that as soon as he gets his chip out, they will have a confrontation. Faith, however, merely smirks at Spike's threat, and walks away from him, and he storms out of The Bronze soon after.
+
Once she realizes who Spike is, Faith speaks to him seductively and teases him ruthlessly, telling him all the things she could do to his body; when it is obvious that Spike is confused, yet attracted to her, she concludes by telling him that she won't do anything she could do to Spike "... because it's wrong." Frustrated and furious, Spike promises that as soon as he gets his chip out, they will have a confrontation. Faith, however, merely smirks at Spike's threat and walks away from him, and he storms out of the Bronze soon after.
   
Elsewhere, a [[vampire]] pack, led by [[Boone (vampire)|Boone]], return to their nest to find [[Adam]] waiting for them. Adam talks to them, discussing things that vampires fear and concluding that vampires are a paradox; because they are immortal, they fear death even more than mortals do. Meanwhile, Buffy awakes to find herself chained in the back of a truck with the Council team. She tries to convince them that her body has been switched with the other [[Slayer]], but they are unfazed: she is merely a package for them to deliver. At The Bronze, Willow introduces Tara to Faith. When Willow goes to get drinks, Faith makes no effort to maintain Buffy's persona and says several rude, harsh things to Tara. Willow returns and points out a vampire with a girl, which Faith reluctantly leaves to slay. When the girl thanks Faith for saving her, Faith is stunned by the girl's gratitude.
+
Elsewhere, a [[vampire]] pack, led by [[Boone (vampire)|Boone]], return to their nest to find [[Adam]] waiting for them. Adam talks to them, discussing things that vampires fear and concluding that vampires are a paradox; because they are immortal, they fear death even more than mortals do.
   
[[Image:416_WhoAreYou2.jpg|thumb|left|Faith: I could squeeze you until you popped like warm champagne, and you'd beg me to hurt you just a little bit more.]]
+
Meanwhile, Buffy awakes to find herself chained in the back of a truck with the Council team. She tries to convince them that her body has been switched with the other [[Slayer]], but they are unfazed: she is merely a package for them to deliver. At the Bronze, Willow introduces Tara to Faith. When Willow goes to get drinks, Faith makes no effort to maintain Buffy's persona and says several rude, harsh things to Tara. Willow returns and points out a vampire with [[Unidentified girl (Who Are You?)|a girl]], which Faith reluctantly leaves to slay. When the girl thanks Faith for saving her, Faith is stunned by the girl's gratitude.
   
One of the Council members, [[Smith]], enters the truck where Buffy is being held, and she attacks him, threatening to kill him unless she is let go. However, the other members, [[Collins]] and [[Weatherby]], tell her that they all settled their affairs before leaving for the mission and are prepared to die if it means accomplishing it. They then tell her to do what she wants and, unable to go through with her threat, Buffy is forced to let Smith go. At The Bronze, Tara recognizes the fragmented energy coming from Buffy, and knows that "Buffy" is not the real Buffy. She informs Willow, and then Willow and Tara prepare to perform a ritual to locate Buffy's real energy.
+
One of the Council members, [[Smith]], enters the truck where Buffy is being held, and she attacks him, threatening to kill him unless she is let go. However, the other members, [[Collins]] and [[Weatherby]], tell her that they all settled their affairs before leaving for the mission and are prepared to die if it means accomplishing it. They then tell her to do what she wants and, unable to go through with her threat, Buffy is forced to let Smith go. At the Bronze, Tara recognizes the fragmented energy coming from Buffy, and knows that "Buffy" is not the real Buffy. She informs Willow, and then Willow and Tara prepare to perform a ritual to locate Buffy's real energy.
   
Faith visits [[Riley Finn]] and seduces him in the guise of Buffy. At first, Faith is overly sexy and provocative; however, she is surprised to find that Riley is not interested in games, and that he wants to make love rather than just have sex. After they sleep together, Riley tells Faith that he loves her, which confuses and disturbs her own identity yet again. In the morning, she attempts to leave quickly from a sleeping Riley and catch her flight, but ends up having a confrontation with [[Forrest Gates]], who is concerned about Buffy's influence over his friend. Meanwhile Adam's eloquence with words has competely won over Boone and his gang and they pledge their loyalty to him. He tells them they will announce his prescence, and decides to send them to what they fear the most.
+
Faith visits Riley and seduces him in the guise of Buffy. At first, Faith is overly sexy and provocative; however, she is surprised to find that Riley is not interested in games, and that he wants to make love rather than just have sex. After they sleep together, Riley tells Faith that he loves her, which confuses and disturbs her own identity yet again. In the morning, she attempts to leave quickly from a sleeping Riley and catch her flight, but ends up having a confrontation with [[Forrest Gates|Forrest]], who is concerned about Buffy's influence over his friend. Meanwhile Adam's eloquence with words has completely won over Boone and his gang and they pledge their loyalty to him. He tells them they will announce his presence, and decides to send them to what they fear the most.
 
[[Image:416_WhoAreYou3.jpg|thumb|left|Buffy: Now you unchain me - very slowly and politely, or I kill this guy.]]
 
   
 
When the Council team realizes that they will not be able to get the dangerous Slayer to England, they decide to kill her instead. Buffy, however, is prepared; she uses Collins' gun to break her chains and the lock on the door, and then moves to the driver's seat and leaves with the armored truck.
 
When the Council team realizes that they will not be able to get the dangerous Slayer to England, they decide to kill her instead. Buffy, however, is prepared; she uses Collins' gun to break her chains and the lock on the door, and then moves to the driver's seat and leaves with the armored truck.
   
Faith, meanwhile, now at the [[Sunnydale Airport|airport]], prepares to leave town by obtaining a boarding pass for a plane. Buffy arrives at Giles' place and struggles to convince him of the truth about the body swap. She reminds him about his stint as a [[Fyarl Demon|demon]] and about his sexual relationship with her [[Joyce Summers|mother]], which sufficiently convinces him of her true identity. Willow and Tara arrive (with Tara being introduced to Buffy properly as well as Giles), having created a [[Draconian Katra|katra]] that will switch Buffy and Faith back the next time they make contact. After turning on the TV, they learn that Boone and his group of vampires are holding hostages at a church. At the airport, Faith sees this on TV and despite the fact she was about to leave, decides to go and face the vampires instead. Riley arrives, wanting to help, but Faith reminds him of his injury and asks him to stay outside. Buffy, Giles, Willow and Tara also arrive and Giles acts hysterical in order to distract the police so Buffy can slip inside.
+
Meanwhile, Faith, now at the [[Sunnydale Airport]], prepares to leave town by obtaining a boarding pass for a plane. Buffy arrives at Giles' place and struggles to convince him of the truth about the body swap. She reminds him about his stint as a [[Fyarl demon]] and about his sexual relationship with her mother, which sufficiently convinces him of her true identity. Willow and Tara arrive (with Tara being introduced to Buffy properly as well as Giles), having created a [[Draconian Katra|Katra]] that will switch Buffy and Faith back the next time they make contact. After turning on the TV, they learn that Boone and his group of vampires are holding hostages at [[Church (Who Are You?)|a church]]. At the airport, Faith sees this on TV, and, despite the fact she was about to leave, decides to go and face the vampires instead.
  +
  +
Riley, who has controlling the situation with the police, meets Faith at the entrance and wants to help. She reminds him of his injury and asks him to stay outside. Buffy, Giles, Willow and Tara also arrive, and Giles acts hysterical in order to distract the police so Buffy can slip inside.
   
[[Image:416_WhoAreYou4.jpg|thumb|right|Willow and Tara: [[Ayala]] flows through the river in me.]]
+
Faith challenges the vampires inside, and she quickly dusts the other vamps before taking on Boone. As he starts talking about how Adam has shown him the way forward, Buffy stakes him from behind. The two Slayers fight and Faith gets Buffy on the floor and starts to furiously punch her (own) face while calling her "nothing", "disgusting", and a "murderous bitch". Buffy grabs Faith’s hand with the Katra, and the two switch back to their own bodies. Faith runs away, leaving Buffy stunned.
   
Faith challenges the vampires inside, and she quickly dusts the other vamps before taking on Boone. As he starts talking about how Adam has shown him the way forward, Buffy stakes him from behind. The two Slayers fight and Faith gets Buffy on the floor and starts to furiously punch her face while screaming emotional abuse... but from her comments (and the fact the face she's punching appears to be her own), it's clear that Faith isn't trying to hurt Buffy as much as she is trying to hurt herself, revealing the extent of her self-loathing. Buffy grabs Faith's hand and the two switch back to their own bodies. The real Faith runs away and is gone without a trace. The next day, Buffy and Riley talk and Buffy realizes that Riley had sex with her while Faith was in her body, a revelation that deeply troubles them both. Faith leaves town in a cargo car of a train.{{Clear}}
+
The next day, Buffy and Riley talk, and Buffy realizes that Riley had sex with her while Faith was in her body, a revelation that deeply troubles them both. Faith leaves town in a cargo car of a train.
   
 
==Continuity==
 
==Continuity==
 
*This episode follows immediately after the previous episode "[[This Year's Girl]]".
 
*This episode follows immediately after the previous episode "[[This Year's Girl]]".
  +
*Joyce's credit card expires in May 2001, the month of Buffy's impending death in "[[The Gift]]".
  +
*Faith (in Buffy's body) comments on Xander's sexual performance, about which she gained firsthand experience in "[[The Zeppo]]".
  +
*Faith (in Buffy's body) becomes the first person to recognize Willow and Tara's romantic relationship. This makes her the only character, apart from Spike, to recognize it without being told, Spike figures it out himself in a later episode "[[The Yoko Factor]]". Willow will only tell Buffy about Tara in "[[New Moon Rising]]", and Xander and Giles in "The Yoko Factor".
  +
*Faith ends up escaping to Los Angeles in the ''[[Angel (series)|Angel]]'' episode "[[Five by Five]]", and Buffy will confront her in "[[Sanctuary]]".
  +
*Spike and Faith do not meet again until three years later, when Faith will remind him of their conversation in this episode; he'll note that it is "not the kind of thing a man forgets" ("[[Dirty Girls]]").
  +
*When Faith flirts and teases with Spike in Buffy's body, Spike reveals some of the repressed lust he harbors for Buffy, foreshadowing his feelings for her he'll only notice in "[[Out of My Mind]]".
  +
*After Faith (in Buffy's body) finishes teasing Spike, he says to her "I get this chip out, you and me are gonna have a confrontation." Indeed, after his chip is removed by the Initiative, Spike and Faith actually do end up 'confronting' each other twice, in "Dirty Girls" and "[[Touched]]".
  +
*Faith (in Buffy's body) states that "Faith's" arrest was "poetic justice". This references Faith and Buffy's confrontation in "[[Graduation Day, Part One]]", in which Buffy states that sacrificing Faith's blood as a cure for Angel would be "poetic justice", as Faith was the one who poisoned him.
  +
*When Willow and Tara are discussing what could have possessed Buffy, Willow mentions hyena possession, as Xander was victims of a [[Primal]] ritual in "[[The Pack]]".
  +
*Buffy reminds Giles of his transformation into a Fyarl demon in "[[A New Man]]"; that he hasn't had a job since they blew up the school ("[[Graduation Day, Part Two]]"); and the occasion he had sex with Joyce, which Buffy found out in "[[Earshot]]".
  +
*Buffy (in Faith's body) stakes the vampire Boone from behind when it is attacking Faith (in Buffy's body), revealing her standing there when it dusts. This scene echoes Faith staking [[Mr. Trick]] in "[[Consequences]]".
  +
*Faith will apologize and finally come to terms with Riley eight years later, in ''[[Lost and Found, Part Five]]''.
   
*If you look closer at Joyce's credit card, it expires in May 2001, the month of Buffy's impending death (May 2001) in "[[The Gift]]". Faith (in Buffy's body) also words this expiration date while buying a plane ticket on the phone.
+
==Appearances==
  +
===Individuals===
  +
*[[Adam]]
  +
*[[Ayala]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Boone (vampire)|Boone]]
  +
*[[Clark]]
  +
*[[Collins]]
  +
*[[Riley Finn]]
  +
*[[Forrest Gates]]
  +
*[[Rupert Giles]]
  +
*[[Alexander Harris]]
  +
*[[Anya Jenkins]]
  +
*[[Tara Maclay]]
  +
*[[Ogden]]
  +
*[[Daniel Osbourne]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Ethan Rayne]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Willow Rosenberg]]
  +
*[[Smith]]
  +
*[[Spike]]
  +
*[[Buffy Summers]]
  +
*[[Joyce Summers]]
  +
*[[Weatherby]]
  +
*[[Olivia Williams]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Unidentified girl (Who Are You?)|Unidentified girl]]
  +
*[[Unidentified reporter]] <small>(Only in video)</small>
  +
===Organizations and titles===
  +
*[[Higher being]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Scooby Gang]]
  +
*[[Slayer]]
  +
*[[Sunnydale Police Department]]
  +
*[[Watchers Council]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Watchers Council Special Operations Team]]
  +
*[[Witch]]
  +
===Species===
  +
*[[Bio-mechanical demonoid]]
  +
*[[Demon]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Human]]
  +
*[[Vampire]]
  +
===Locations===
  +
*England {{Om}}
  +
*[[Sunnydale]], USA
  +
**[[1630 Revello Drive]]
  +
**[[Adam's lair]]
  +
**[[Bronze]]
  +
**[[Church (Who Are You?)]]
  +
**[[Rupert Giles' apartment]]
  +
**[[Sunnydale Airport]]
  +
**[[Sunnydale High School]] {{Om}}
  +
**[[Sunnydale Memorial]]
  +
**[[University of California, Sunnydale]]
  +
***[[Lowell House]]
  +
***[[Stevenson Hall]]
  +
===Objects===
  +
*[[Aura (magic)|Aura]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Behavior-Modification Circuitry]] {{Om}}
  +
*[[Cross]]
  +
*[[Draconian Katra]]
  +
*[[Stake]]
  +
*''[[Sunnydale Press]]''
  +
*[[Tarot]]
   
*Faith (in Buffy's body) comments on Xander's sexual performance (that it lasts seven minutes), about which she gained firsthand experience in "[[The Zeppo]]".
+
==Death count==
  +
*One vampire, snapped by Adam.
  +
*Two vampires, staked by Faith (in Buffy's body).
  +
*One vampire, burned in sunlight by Riley.
  +
*Boone, staked by Buffy (in Faith's body).
   
*Faith (in Buffy's body) becomes the first person to recognize Willow and Tara's romantic relationship when she comments that Willow "isn't driving stick anymore." This makes her the only character, apart from Spike, to recognize it without being told, Spike figures it out himself in a later episode "[[The Yoko Factor]]". Tara herself references it when she states that she is Willow's.
+
==Behind the scenes==
  +
[[File:"Who Are You" promo|thumb|200px]]
   
*While Faith inhabited Buffy's body, not one of the Scoobies noticed the abrupt differences in Buffy's actions and behavior until Tara (a non-Scooby) pointed it out. This reflected the growing distance between the Scooby Gang that would eventually culminate in "[[The Yoko Factor]]".
 
 
*This episode also contains the first explicit references stating that Tara and Willow are having a romantic relationship (previously all that had been given were "hints").
 
 
*Faith ends up escaping to Los Angeles in the [[Angel (series)|''Angel'']] episode "[[Five by Five]]". The self-loathing she shows in the church fight with Buffy is the impetus for her attempt at "suicide by vampire" with Angel himself.
 
 
*Spike and Faith do not meet again until [[Dirty Girls|three years later]], when the Slayer returns to Sunnydale as an ally against the [[First Evil]]. Faith reminds him of this in conversation, and he clearly remembers it, noting that it is "not the kind of thing a man forgets."
 
 
*When Faith flirts and teases with Spike in Buffy's body, Spike clearly reveals some of the repressed lust he harbors for Buffy, foreshadowing his feelings for her in S5. It also foreshadowed Buffy and Spike's sexual relationship in S6.
 
 
*After Faith (in Buffy's body) finishes teasing Spike, he says to her "I get this chip out, you and me are gonna have a confrontation." 3 years later, after his chip is removed by The Initiative, Spike and Faith actually do end up 'confronting' each other twice, in "[[Dirty Girls]]" and "[[Touched]]".
 
 
*Faith (in Buffy's body) says to Tara that "I guess you never really know someone 'til you've been inside their skin." That's one of the points of the whole episode: she gets to be inside Buffy's skin and gets to really know her. She experiences for the first time people loving her and being grateful to her and the attraction of helping others and doing good. She also, if only briefly, starts to care about doing what's right, as if Buffy gets under her skin even while she's in Buffy's skin. She says about rescuing the people in the church, "I'm Buffy; I have to do this." Interestingly, the reverse doesn't seem to be true: Buffy doesn't appear to get to know Faith better by being inside her skin.
 
 
*Faith (in Buffy's body) states that "Faith's" arrest was "poetic justice". This references Faith and Buffy's earlier confrontation in "[[Graduation Day]]" in which Buffy states that sacrificing Faith's blood as a cure for Angel would be "poetic justice", as Faith was the one who poisoned him
 
 
*When Willow and Tara are discussing what could have possessed Buffy, Willow mentions Hyena Possession, as Xander was possessed by Hyenas in "[[The Pack]]".
 
 
* Buffy reminds Giles of his transformation into a [[Fyarl Demon]] in "[[A New Man]]" and the occasion he had sex with [[Joyce]], which happened offscreen in "[[Band Candy]]". Buffy found out that the two had had sex when she read Joyce's mind in "[[Earshot]]".
 
 
*Buffy (in Faith's body) stakes the vampire Boone from behind when it is attacking Faith (in Buffy's body), revealing her standing there when it dusts. This scene echoes Faith staking [[Mister Trick]] in "[[Consequences]]".
 
* Faith apologizes and finally comes to terms with Riley in '[[Lost and Found, Part Five]]'.
 
* This is the only episode of ''Buffy'' after "[[Graduation Day, Part Two]]" in which [[Wesley Wyndam-Pryce]] is mentioned.
 
 
==Body Count==
 
*Willow, stabbed by Faith in Buffy's body (only in her imagination)
 
*One vampire, snapped by Adam
 
*two vampires, dusted by Faith (in Buffy's body)
 
*One vampire, burned by the sun after fighting Riley
 
*Boone, dusted by Buffy (in Faith's body)
 
 
== Behind the Scenes ==
 
 
===Production===
 
===Production===
*The credits read "[[Eliza Dushku]] as Buffy" instead of "... as Faith", reflecting the fact she is playing Buffy in Faith's body for the majority of the episode.
+
*The credits read "[[Eliza Dushku]] as Buffy", instead of "as Faith", reflecting the fact she is playing Buffy in Faith's body for the majority of the episode.
 
*This episode marks the halfway point of the series.
 
*This episode marks the halfway point of the series.
  +
*The use of the term "katra" to refer to an exchange of consciousness could be a reference to Vulcan mythology on Star Trek, more specifically ''[[Wikipedia:Star Trek III: The Search for Spock|Star Trek III: The Search for Spock]]'', in which the "katra" is an individual's living spirit. The katra can be transferred to another body via a mind meld.
  +
*The church Boone and other vampires invade is the real Church of the Angels, in Pasadena.
   
===Deleted Scenes===
+
===Deleted scenes===
 
*This line of Adam's was cut:
 
*This line of Adam's was cut:
 
:'''Adam:''' "You are here to be my first. To let them know I'm coming. I am the end of all life, of all magic. I'm the war between man and demon, the war that no one can win. You're a part of that now. You have to show me you're ready."
 
:'''Adam:''' "You are here to be my first. To let them know I'm coming. I am the end of all life, of all magic. I'm the war between man and demon, the war that no one can win. You're a part of that now. You have to show me you're ready."
   
===Pop Culture References===
+
===Goofs, bloopers & continuity errors===
*'''Katra''': The use of the term "katra" to refer to an exchange of consciousness could be a reference to Vulcan mythology on Star Trek, more specifically ''[[Wikipedia:Star Trek III: The Search for Spock|Star Trek III: The Search for Spock]]'', in which the "katra" is an individual's living spirit. The katra can be transferred to another body via a mind meld.
+
*In the scene where Willow, Tara, Buffy, and Giles try to enter the church, when Willow says "but we can't, we've gotta, you don't understand", her mouth isn't moving.
+
*After Adam beheads a vampire, it's visible that he still has his head when his body falls to the ground.
===Goofs, Bloopers & Continuity Errors===
 
*In the scene where Willow, Tara, Buffy and Giles try to enter the church, when Willow says "but we can't, we've gotta, you don't understand", her mouth isn't moving.
 
*After Adam decapitates a vampire, you can see he still has his head when his body falls to the ground.
 
   
 
===International titles===
 
===International titles===
*'''French: '''Une revenante - partie 2 ''(A stranger - part 2)''
+
*'''Armenian:''' "Դու ո՞վ ես" (Who Are You?)
*'''German: '''Im Körper des Feindes ''(Inside the enemy`s body)''
+
*'''Czech:''' "Kdo jsi?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Finnish:''' "Kuka sinä olet?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''French:''' "Une revenante, partie 2" (A Stranger, Part 2)
  +
*'''German:''' "Im Körper des Feindes" (In the Enemy's Body)
  +
*'''Hungarian:''' "Ki vagy te?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Italian:''' "Chi Sei?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Japanese:''' "お前は誰だ?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Polish:''' "Kim jesteś?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Portuguese (Brazil):''' "Quem É Você?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Romanian:''' "Cine ești" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Russian:''' "Кто ты?" (Who Are You?)
  +
*'''Spanish (Latin America and Spain):''' "¿Quién Eres Tú?" (Who Are You?)
   
 
===Music===
 
===Music===
*Headland - "Sweet Charlotte Rose"
+
*Headland "Sweet Charlotte Rose"
*[[Nerf Herder]] - "Vivian"
+
*[[Nerf Herder]] "Vivian"
*[[Wikipedia:The Cure|The Cure]] - "Watching Me Fall"
+
*[[Wikipedia:The Cure|The Cure]] "Watching Me Fall"
*[http://buffy.wikia.com/wiki/Christophe_Beck Christophe Beck] - "Spellbound"
+
*[[Christophe Beck]] "Spellbound"
*[http://buffy.wikia.com/wiki/Christophe_Beck Christophe Beck] - original score
+
*Christophe Beck original score
   
 
===Other===
 
===Other===
*[[Sarah Michelle Gellar]] cites this as one of her favorite episodes, saying that "Eliza was brilliant."
+
*This episode is included in ''[[The Slayer Collection: Faith]]'' DVD.
   
*This episode is Faith-centric.
+
==Gallery==
+
===Behind the scenes===
*This episode is included in [[Buffy the Vampire Slayer DVDs#The Slayer Collection#Faith|The Slayer Collection: Faith]] DVD.
+
<gallery widths="120" spacing="small" orientation="portrait">
  +
B4x16 Crawford 01.jpg
  +
B4x16 Crawford 02.jpg
  +
B4x16 Crawford 03.jpg
  +
</gallery>
  +
===Advertisement===
  +
<gallery widths="150" spacing="small" captionalign="center">
  +
Who Are You promo.jpg|"Tonight, Buffy isn't ''quite'' herself."
  +
</gallery>
   
 
==Quotes==
 
==Quotes==
{{QuoteBlock
 
|Faith|"You're not gonna kill these people."
 
|Boone|"Why not?"
 
|Faith|"Because it's wrong."
 
}}
 
 
{{QuoteBlock
 
{{QuoteBlock
 
|Spike|"You know why I really hate you, Summers?"
 
|Spike|"You know why I really hate you, Summers?"
Line 130: Line 107:
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{QuoteBlock
 
{{QuoteBlock
|Willow|"I'm sorry you're feeling blechy. But we'll get together with Buffy another time, sometime soon. I really think you'll like her ..."
+
|Willow|"I'm sorry you're feeling blechy. But we'll get together with Buffy another time, sometime soon. I really think you'll like her..."
 
|Tara|"She's not your friend."
 
|Tara|"She's not your friend."
 
|Willow|"I may have overestimated the 'you liking her' factor. But I wish you'd give her a chance; she's very important to me."
 
|Willow|"I may have overestimated the 'you liking her' factor. But I wish you'd give her a chance; she's very important to me."
|Tara|"No, I mean... I don't think she's ... her ... A person's energy has a flow, a unity. Buffy's was fragmented; it grated, like something forced in where it doesn't belong. Plus she was kinda mean."
+
|Tara|"No, I mean... I don't think she's... her... A person's energy has a flow, a unity. Buffy's was fragmented; it grated, like something forced in where it doesn't belong. Plus she was kinda mean."
 
}}
 
}}
 
{{QuoteBlock
 
{{QuoteBlock
 
|Buffy|"Giles, you turned into a demon, and I knew it was you. I mean, can't you just look in my eyes and be all intuitive?"
 
|Buffy|"Giles, you turned into a demon, and I knew it was you. I mean, can't you just look in my eyes and be all intuitive?"
 
|Giles|"How did I turn into a demon?"
 
|Giles|"How did I turn into a demon?"
|Buffy|"Oh, 'cause, uh, Ethan Rayne. And-and you have a girlfriend named Olivia... and you haven't had a job since we blew up the school...which is valid lifestyle-wise. I mean, it's not like you're a slacker type, but - Oh, oh! When I had psychic power I heard my mom think that you were like a stevedore during sex. W- Do you want me to continue?"
+
|Buffy|"Oh, 'cause, uh, Ethan Rayne. And you have a girlfriend named Olivia... and you haven't had a job since we blew up the school... which is valid lifestyle-wise. I mean, it's not like you're a slacker type, but— Oh, oh! When I had psychic power I heard my mom think that you were like a stevedore during sex. W— Do you want me to continue?"
 
|Giles|"Actually, I beg you to stop."
 
|Giles|"Actually, I beg you to stop."
 
|Buffy|"What's a stevedore?"
 
|Buffy|"What's a stevedore?"
 
}}
 
}}
[[Category:Episodes featuring Faith]]
+
{{QuoteBlock
[[Category:Faith-centric episodes]]
+
|Faith|"You're not gonna kill these people."
[[Category:Crossover episodes]]
+
|Boone|"Why not?"
[[Category:Two-part episodes]]
+
|Faith|"Because it's wrong."
  +
}}
  +
  +
==References==
  +
{{References}}
  +
  +
[[de:Im Körper des Feindes]]
  +
[[fr:Une revenante, partie 2]]
  +
[[nl:Who Are You]]
  +
  +
[[Category:Buffy the Vampire Slayer episodes]]
 
[[Category:Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season 4]]
 
[[Category:Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season 4]]

Latest revision as of 23:11, April 17, 2020


"Who Are You?" is the sixteenth episode of the fourth season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and is the seventy-second episode altogether. Written and directed by Joss Whedon, it originally broadcast on February 29, 2000 on The WB network.

SynopsisEdit

THE CONCLUSION OF A TWO-PART EPISODE WHEN FAITH RETURNS — Buffy battles to escape the clutches of the Watcher's Council special operations team who plan to send her to England, while Faith continues to wreak havoc in the lives of Buffy's family and friends. Meanwhile, it's Willow and Tara who figure out Buffy's whereabouts, but not before Faith has done some serious damage to Buffy's relationship with Riley.[1]

SummaryEdit

Faith (in Buffy's body) stands by Joyce while Buffy (in Faith's body) is carried away in an ambulance. They discuss Faith, and Joyce notes how horribly unhappy Faith must be. After their conversation, Joyce hugs Faith, who is uncomfortable by this sudden affection. Afterward, Faith goes upstairs to take a bath. She tries to get used to her new body, and practices phrases she thinks Buffy would say. Faith then crimps her hair, puts on sultry makeup, and gets dressed up in black leather. Soon after, she buys a plane ticket with Joyce's credit card, and then goes out to meet the Scooby Gang. Meanwhile, Willow and Tara talk about Faith, and Tara confesses that she belongs to Willow.

An armored truck runs into the police car carrying Buffy and leather-clad operatives of the Watchers Council jump out. They capture Buffy and put her in the back of their truck. Faith attends a meeting at Giles's apartment with Xander, Willow, and Anya, who makes Faith uneasy, as she has no idea who Anya is. Faith happily tells the gang Faith is on her way to prison, but Giles tells them this is unlikely as the Watcher's Council has sent a team to apprehend the rogue slayer and take her back to England, meaning they are unlikely to see her again. Faith is ecstatic at the news, and she celebrates by dancing concurrently with several men and women at the Bronze until she runs into Spike.

Once she realizes who Spike is, Faith speaks to him seductively and teases him ruthlessly, telling him all the things she could do to his body; when it is obvious that Spike is confused, yet attracted to her, she concludes by telling him that she won't do anything she could do to Spike "... because it's wrong." Frustrated and furious, Spike promises that as soon as he gets his chip out, they will have a confrontation. Faith, however, merely smirks at Spike's threat and walks away from him, and he storms out of the Bronze soon after.

Elsewhere, a vampire pack, led by Boone, return to their nest to find Adam waiting for them. Adam talks to them, discussing things that vampires fear and concluding that vampires are a paradox; because they are immortal, they fear death even more than mortals do.

Meanwhile, Buffy awakes to find herself chained in the back of a truck with the Council team. She tries to convince them that her body has been switched with the other Slayer, but they are unfazed: she is merely a package for them to deliver. At the Bronze, Willow introduces Tara to Faith. When Willow goes to get drinks, Faith makes no effort to maintain Buffy's persona and says several rude, harsh things to Tara. Willow returns and points out a vampire with a girl, which Faith reluctantly leaves to slay. When the girl thanks Faith for saving her, Faith is stunned by the girl's gratitude.

One of the Council members, Smith, enters the truck where Buffy is being held, and she attacks him, threatening to kill him unless she is let go. However, the other members, Collins and Weatherby, tell her that they all settled their affairs before leaving for the mission and are prepared to die if it means accomplishing it. They then tell her to do what she wants and, unable to go through with her threat, Buffy is forced to let Smith go. At the Bronze, Tara recognizes the fragmented energy coming from Buffy, and knows that "Buffy" is not the real Buffy. She informs Willow, and then Willow and Tara prepare to perform a ritual to locate Buffy's real energy.

Faith visits Riley and seduces him in the guise of Buffy. At first, Faith is overly sexy and provocative; however, she is surprised to find that Riley is not interested in games, and that he wants to make love rather than just have sex. After they sleep together, Riley tells Faith that he loves her, which confuses and disturbs her own identity yet again. In the morning, she attempts to leave quickly from a sleeping Riley and catch her flight, but ends up having a confrontation with Forrest, who is concerned about Buffy's influence over his friend. Meanwhile Adam's eloquence with words has completely won over Boone and his gang and they pledge their loyalty to him. He tells them they will announce his presence, and decides to send them to what they fear the most.

When the Council team realizes that they will not be able to get the dangerous Slayer to England, they decide to kill her instead. Buffy, however, is prepared; she uses Collins' gun to break her chains and the lock on the door, and then moves to the driver's seat and leaves with the armored truck.

Meanwhile, Faith, now at the Sunnydale Airport, prepares to leave town by obtaining a boarding pass for a plane. Buffy arrives at Giles' place and struggles to convince him of the truth about the body swap. She reminds him about his stint as a Fyarl demon and about his sexual relationship with her mother, which sufficiently convinces him of her true identity. Willow and Tara arrive (with Tara being introduced to Buffy properly as well as Giles), having created a Katra that will switch Buffy and Faith back the next time they make contact. After turning on the TV, they learn that Boone and his group of vampires are holding hostages at a church. At the airport, Faith sees this on TV, and, despite the fact she was about to leave, decides to go and face the vampires instead.

Riley, who has controlling the situation with the police, meets Faith at the entrance and wants to help. She reminds him of his injury and asks him to stay outside. Buffy, Giles, Willow and Tara also arrive, and Giles acts hysterical in order to distract the police so Buffy can slip inside.

Faith challenges the vampires inside, and she quickly dusts the other vamps before taking on Boone. As he starts talking about how Adam has shown him the way forward, Buffy stakes him from behind. The two Slayers fight and Faith gets Buffy on the floor and starts to furiously punch her (own) face while calling her "nothing", "disgusting", and a "murderous bitch". Buffy grabs Faith’s hand with the Katra, and the two switch back to their own bodies. Faith runs away, leaving Buffy stunned.

The next day, Buffy and Riley talk, and Buffy realizes that Riley had sex with her while Faith was in her body, a revelation that deeply troubles them both. Faith leaves town in a cargo car of a train.

ContinuityEdit

  • This episode follows immediately after the previous episode "This Year's Girl".
  • Joyce's credit card expires in May 2001, the month of Buffy's impending death in "The Gift".
  • Faith (in Buffy's body) comments on Xander's sexual performance, about which she gained firsthand experience in "The Zeppo".
  • Faith (in Buffy's body) becomes the first person to recognize Willow and Tara's romantic relationship. This makes her the only character, apart from Spike, to recognize it without being told, Spike figures it out himself in a later episode "The Yoko Factor". Willow will only tell Buffy about Tara in "New Moon Rising", and Xander and Giles in "The Yoko Factor".
  • Faith ends up escaping to Los Angeles in the Angel episode "Five by Five", and Buffy will confront her in "Sanctuary".
  • Spike and Faith do not meet again until three years later, when Faith will remind him of their conversation in this episode; he'll note that it is "not the kind of thing a man forgets" ("Dirty Girls").
  • When Faith flirts and teases with Spike in Buffy's body, Spike reveals some of the repressed lust he harbors for Buffy, foreshadowing his feelings for her he'll only notice in "Out of My Mind".
  • After Faith (in Buffy's body) finishes teasing Spike, he says to her "I get this chip out, you and me are gonna have a confrontation." Indeed, after his chip is removed by the Initiative, Spike and Faith actually do end up 'confronting' each other twice, in "Dirty Girls" and "Touched".
  • Faith (in Buffy's body) states that "Faith's" arrest was "poetic justice". This references Faith and Buffy's confrontation in "Graduation Day, Part One", in which Buffy states that sacrificing Faith's blood as a cure for Angel would be "poetic justice", as Faith was the one who poisoned him.
  • When Willow and Tara are discussing what could have possessed Buffy, Willow mentions hyena possession, as Xander was victims of a Primal ritual in "The Pack".
  • Buffy reminds Giles of his transformation into a Fyarl demon in "A New Man"; that he hasn't had a job since they blew up the school ("Graduation Day, Part Two"); and the occasion he had sex with Joyce, which Buffy found out in "Earshot".
  • Buffy (in Faith's body) stakes the vampire Boone from behind when it is attacking Faith (in Buffy's body), revealing her standing there when it dusts. This scene echoes Faith staking Mr. Trick in "Consequences".
  • Faith will apologize and finally come to terms with Riley eight years later, in Lost and Found, Part Five.

AppearancesEdit

IndividualsEdit

Organizations and titlesEdit

SpeciesEdit

LocationsEdit

ObjectsEdit

Death countEdit

  • One vampire, snapped by Adam.
  • Two vampires, staked by Faith (in Buffy's body).
  • One vampire, burned in sunlight by Riley.
  • Boone, staked by Buffy (in Faith's body).

Behind the scenesEdit

"Who Are You" promo

"Who Are You" promo

ProductionEdit

  • The credits read "Eliza Dushku as Buffy", instead of "as Faith", reflecting the fact she is playing Buffy in Faith's body for the majority of the episode.
  • This episode marks the halfway point of the series.
  • The use of the term "katra" to refer to an exchange of consciousness could be a reference to Vulcan mythology on Star Trek, more specifically Star Trek III: The Search for Spock, in which the "katra" is an individual's living spirit. The katra can be transferred to another body via a mind meld.
  • The church Boone and other vampires invade is the real Church of the Angels, in Pasadena.

Deleted scenesEdit

  • This line of Adam's was cut:
Adam: "You are here to be my first. To let them know I'm coming. I am the end of all life, of all magic. I'm the war between man and demon, the war that no one can win. You're a part of that now. You have to show me you're ready."

Goofs, bloopers & continuity errorsEdit

  • In the scene where Willow, Tara, Buffy, and Giles try to enter the church, when Willow says "but we can't, we've gotta, you don't understand", her mouth isn't moving.
  • After Adam beheads a vampire, it's visible that he still has his head when his body falls to the ground.

International titlesEdit

  • Armenian: "Դու ո՞վ ես" (Who Are You?)
  • Czech: "Kdo jsi?" (Who Are You?)
  • Finnish: "Kuka sinä olet?" (Who Are You?)
  • French: "Une revenante, partie 2" (A Stranger, Part 2)
  • German: "Im Körper des Feindes" (In the Enemy's Body)
  • Hungarian: "Ki vagy te?" (Who Are You?)
  • Italian: "Chi Sei?" (Who Are You?)
  • Japanese: "お前は誰だ?" (Who Are You?)
  • Polish: "Kim jesteś?" (Who Are You?)
  • Portuguese (Brazil): "Quem É Você?" (Who Are You?)
  • Romanian: "Cine ești" (Who Are You?)
  • Russian: "Кто ты?" (Who Are You?)
  • Spanish (Latin America and Spain): "¿Quién Eres Tú?" (Who Are You?)

MusicEdit

OtherEdit

GalleryEdit

Behind the scenesEdit

Edit

QuotesEdit

Spike - "You know why I really hate you, Summers?"
Faith - "'Cause I'm a stuck-up tight-ass with no sense of fun?"
Spike - "Well ... yeah, that covers a lot of it."
Faith - "'Cause I could do anything I want, and instead I choose to pout and whine and feel the burden of Slayerness? I mean, I could be rich. I could be famous. I could have anything. Anyone. Even you, Spike. I could ride you at a gallop until your legs buckled and your eyes rolled up. I've got muscles you've never even dreamed of. I could squeeze you until you popped like warm champagne and you'd beg me to hurt you just a little bit more. And you know why I don't? Because it's wrong."
Willow - "I'm sorry you're feeling blechy. But we'll get together with Buffy another time, sometime soon. I really think you'll like her..."
Tara - "She's not your friend."
Willow - "I may have overestimated the 'you liking her' factor. But I wish you'd give her a chance; she's very important to me."
Tara - "No, I mean... I don't think she's... her... A person's energy has a flow, a unity. Buffy's was fragmented; it grated, like something forced in where it doesn't belong. Plus she was kinda mean."
Buffy - "Giles, you turned into a demon, and I knew it was you. I mean, can't you just look in my eyes and be all intuitive?"
Giles - "How did I turn into a demon?"
Buffy - "Oh, 'cause, uh, Ethan Rayne. And you have a girlfriend named Olivia... and you haven't had a job since we blew up the school... which is valid lifestyle-wise. I mean, it's not like you're a slacker type, but— Oh, oh! When I had psychic power I heard my mom think that you were like a stevedore during sex. W— Do you want me to continue?"
Giles - "Actually, I beg you to stop."
Buffy - "What's a stevedore?"
Faith - "You're not gonna kill these people."
Boone - "Why not?"
Faith - "Because it's wrong."

ReferencesEdit

  1. "The Mortuary". Buffy The Vampire Slayer. Archived from the original June 9, 2001.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.