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"Out of Mind, Out of Sight" is the eleventh episode of the first season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and the eleventh episode in the series. Written by Joss Whedon, Ashley Gable, and Thomas A. Swyden, and directed by Reza Badiyi, it was originally broadcast on May 19, 1997, on The WB network.


THE INVISIBLE GIRL — Buffy and Cordelia become unlikely allies to combat an invisible spirit that has targeted Cordelia and everyone around her. Meanwhile, Angel goes to Giles to warn him that Buffy could be in grave danger.[1]


Cordelia is talking excitedly with Harmony and her friends about the spring and the May Queen competition when Buffy bumps into them, spilling various slayer paraphernalia. Buffy makes up an excuse about borrowing it from Giles for a history project.

In English class, Cordelia comments that in The Merchant of Venice, the character Shylock is self-involved and whiny. She likens it to a bicycle rider she ran over; the girl whined about her pain and ignored Cordelia's traumatic experience. The teacher seems agreeable to the viewpoint. After class, Cordelia arranges to talk with the teacher the next day to talk about her paper.

In the boys' locker room Mitch Fargo, Cordelia's boyfriend, is attacked by a floating baseball bat. Cordelia is outside campaigning for May Queen. As Xander and Willow mock Cordelia, referring to a past Buffy did not share, she feels left out and explains that she was the May Queen at her old school. The conversation ends when they hear that Mitch was found beaten. Principal Snyder arrives confirming Mitch was not dead. Before Mitch is taken to the hospital, he tells them what had happened. Principal Snyder stops Buffy entering the crime scene but Willow and Xander distract him, allowing Buffy to slip into the boys' locker room to find the word "LOOK" spray-painted on the lockers.

At the library, the Scoobies are stumped. They suspect a ghost. Meanwhile, Harmony asks Cordelia about Mitch's condition; Cordelia explains that he is alright but looking too bruised for the prom pictures. In a flashback, we see Cordelia and Harmony talking about Mitch's recent break-up with Wendy, and whether Cordelia would like to be his girlfriend. In the present, Harmony is pushed down the stairs and injures her ankle by the invisible force as Buffy approaches. Buffy follows an invisible source of laughter resulting in it bumping into Buffy before escaping.

Xander suggests a cloak of invisibility worn by the Greek gods. Buffy dismisses that theory because of the pettiness of the crimes. As the Scoobies disperse, Buffy follows the sound of a flute. In the library, Giles is surprised by Angel, who offers to get a book of prophecies, the Pergamum Codex. Another flashback sequence sees Cordelia and Harmony discussing a lecture and ignoring Marcie. In the present, Cordelia wins the May Queen award. Looking over Willow's list of missing kids, Buffy suspects Marcie when she sees she played the flute. Tracking Marcie, Buffy finds her hideout just as Marcie finds Ms. Miller, Cordelia's literature teacher. She chokes her with a plastic bag. Cordelia, arriving a short while afterward, saves Ms. Miller. An invisible hand writes "LISTEN" on the blackboard.

As Willow looks over Marcie's yearbook, she sees it is full of the generic "Have a nice summer!" greeting, something you write down in the yearbook of someone you don't know, showing nobody knew Marcie. She is horrified to find her own greeting to Marcie, "Have a great summer!." Giles realizes that Marcie became invisible not because of magic but science; she became invisible because people treated her like she didn't exist. In a flashback sequence, we see Marcie being looked over by her teacher in favor of those around her even when she had her hand up. She puts it down in defeat and starts becoming invisible.

As the Scoobies realize that Marcie really is after Cordelia, the latter walks into the library asking Buffy for protection. They decide to use Cordelia as bait and to have Buffy bodyguarding her. As Cordelia is getting dressed, she confides in Buffy that she is lonely too, but being popular "beats being lonely by yourself." Marcie lures Willow, Xander, and Giles into the boiler room, where she closes the door and opens the gas, then grabs Cordelia as she is changing. Buffy follows Cordelia and finds her unconscious. Marcie surprises Buffy, kicking her and knocking her out.

Buffy wakes up, finding herself tied to a chair near Cordelia, similarly indisposed. They see the word "LEARN" on a curtain, and Marcie explains that Cordelia is the lesson, or will be when she makes a mockery of Cordelia's face by surgery. Buffy kicks the instrument tray at Marcie and frees herself from the ropes. Angel, who had come to the school to deliver the Codex to Giles, rescues the Scoobies and shuts off the gas. Buffy concentrates, listening to Marcie, knocks her into a curtain before knocking her out.

Two FBI agents, Doyle and Manetti, arrive to haul Marcie away. Cordelia comes by the day after the coronation to thank them for helping her, much to their surprise. However, her reaction when Mitch arrives shows she is not ready to renounce her popularity. Marcie is taken to a school full of invisible students, taught by a teacher from the FBI. She sits down in class and opens her textbook. The title reads "Assassination and Infiltration," to which Marcie chuckles and says: "Cool."


  • Cordelia begins to have a rapport with Buffy and the Scoobies beyond simply ridiculing them. Additionally, she admits to Buffy privately that she feels lonely, despite being so popular. This will grow into her eventual disconnection from the Sunnydale High popular clique (Cordettes) in "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered" and her change in life direction to help the helpless (Angel Investigations) in "City Of."
  • Cordelia is later used as a bait again in "Anne" when the Scoobies try to chase vampires on their own after Buffy has left town.
  • Cordelia mentions the time Buffy accidentally attacked her at the Bronze, from episode "Welcome to the Hellmouth."
  • Giles and Angel meet for the first time. Buffy told Giles about meeting Angel in "Welcome to the Hellmouth" and that he was a vampire as soon as she as aware of it, in "Angel."
  • Angel gives Giles the Pergamum Codex, which allows him to accurately predict Buffy's death in "Prophecy Girl."
  • The United States government is aware of the supernatural, a fact that becomes more apparent later with the Initiative ("The Initiative").
  • Marcie's condition will be briefly referenced in episode "Gone," when Buffy assures her friends that her invisibility is not a result of the same condition.
  • In "Storyteller," another student from the newly rebuilt Sunnydale High begins to experience the same condition until Buffy intervenes.
  • When Willow speculates that there might be a witch, she remarks: "'Cause we can fight a witch," referencing the Scoobies's encounter with one in the episode "Witch."
  • Marcie writes LISTEN on the wall; in the Angel episode "Heartthrob," Fred writes "LISTEN, LISTEN, LISTEN" on a wall, both women experiencing mental breakdowns.
  • Cordelia jokes about Buffy being popular in an alternate universe; Cordelia herself would be part of two alternate universes — first in "The Wish" and then in "Birthday."
  • Willow wears a Scooby-Doo t-shirt, Buffy wears a neck scarf like Daphne, and later Xander responds "Can you say 'Gulp'?" like the character Shaggy. In the episode "What's My Line? Part One," the group of friends will first be referred to as the Scooby Gang.



Organizations and titles[]




Death count[]

  • None.

Behind the scenes[]


  • This episode is a twist on the phrase "out of sight, out of mind," which refers to someone leaving and being forgotten about. In this episode, the fact that Marcie is ignored while she is there causes her to turn invisible.
  • This episode was also known as "Invisible Girl."[1]
  • Underneath the manual headline of "Assassination and Infiltration" are the lyrics to The Beatles' song "Happiness Is a Warm Gun," but with a few small changes; any repetition in the lyrics is removed, the line "happiness is a warm gun" is changed to "joy is a hot revolver," and the last line of text that is visible is not part of the song. What it says is "because joy is a hot revolver, and he is afraid of the monkeys who are in."
  • All of the flashback scenes in this episode are in sepia tone. This is the only time in the Buffyverse where this effect is used.
  • Marcie Ross's belongings include the same doll that would be used as Miss Edith in season 2.


  • "Out of Mind, Out of Sight" pulled in an audience of 2.4 million households upon its original airing.[2]


  • In the HD version, a hand turning the pages in the invisible class is visible in the left corner of the screen.
  • When Willow notices the Men in Black, the same pair of girls walks behind them twice. Also, a girl in an orange sweater walks behind Willow, but also appears walking through the quad in the other direction with a different boy.

Pop culture references[]

  • Ms. Miller's class discuss the play The Merchant of Venice and its character Shylock.
  • Cordelia uses the term "Twinkie defense," which is a derisive label used by the media for the defense strategy, coined in a 1979 murder trial.
  • Cordelia says, "My eyes are hazel, Helen Keller," referencing the deaf and blind American author and political activist.
  • Willow wears a Scooby-Doo t-shirt.


  • Sharon Bezaly & Terence Charlston — "Sonata in E-Flat Major for Flute and Harpsichord, BWV 1031: II. Siciliano" — Bach
  • Walter Murphy — original score

International titles[]

  • Armenian: "Անտեսանելի աղջիկը (Հոգեկան անտեսանելին)" (Invisible Girl (Mental Invisible))
  • Czech: "Sejde z mysli, sejde z očí" (Out of Mind, Out of Sight)
  • Finnish: "Näkymätön uhka" (The invisible Threat)
  • French: "Portée disparue" (Missing)
  • German: "Aus den Augen, aus dem Sinn" (Out of Sight, Out of Mind)
  • Hungarian: "Szem elől tévesztve" (Losing Sight)
  • Italian: "Lontano dagli Occhi, Lontano dal Cuore" (Out of Sight, Out of Mind)
  • Japanese: "去る者日々に疎し" (Out of Sight, Out of Mind)
  • Polish: "Co z oczu, to..." (Out of Sight, It's…)
  • Portuguese (Brazil): "Fora da Mente, Fora da Visão" (Out of Mind, Out of Sight)
  • Romanian: "Ochii care nu se văd, se uită" (Out of Mind, Out of Sight)
  • Russian: "Девочка-невидимка (Чокнутая невидимка)" (Invisible Girl (Nutty Invisible))
  • Spanish (Latin America): "Loca e Invisible" (Crazy and Invisible)
  • Spanish (Spain): "Fuera de la Mente, Fuera de la Vista" (Out of Mind, Out of Sight)
  • Swedish: “Borta Ur Minnet, Borta Ur Sinnet” (Away From the Memory, Away From the Sight)



Promotional stills[]

Behind the scenes[]



Xander: "Oh, hey, do you wanna come to our place tonight for dinner? Mom's making her famous phone call to the Chinese place."
Willow: "Xander, do you guys even have a stove?"
Willow: "Oh, my God. 'Have a nice summer', 'Have a nice summer'? This girl had no friends at all."
Giles: "Uh, once again I teeter at the precipice of the generation gap."
Buffy: "'Have a nice summer' is what you write when you have nothing to say."
Xander: "It's the kiss of death."
Cordelia: "I knew you'd be here. Buffy, I, uh, I know we've had our differences, with you being so weird and all, and hanging out with these total losers... Well, anyway, despite all of that, I know that you share this feeling that we have for each other, deep down..."
Willow: "Nausea?"
Cordelia: "Somebody is after me! They just tried to kill Ms. Miller? Uh, she was helping me with my homework. And Mitch! And Harmony?! This is all about me! Me, me, me!"
Xander: "Wow! For once she's right!"
Buffy: "So you've come to me for help."
Cordelia: Because you're always around when all this weird stuff is happening. And I know you're very strong, and you've got all those weapons... I was kind of hoping you were in a gang."
Giles: "You know, I don't recall ever seeing you here before."
Cordelia: "Oh no, I have a life."
Cordelia: "Hey! You think I'm never lonely because I'm so cute and popular? I can be surrounded by people and be completely alone. It's not like any of them really know me. I don't even know if they like me half the time. People just want to be in a popular zone — sometimes when I talk, everyone's so busy agreeing with me, they don't hear a word I say."
Buffy: "Well, if you feel so alone, then why do you work so hard at being popular?"
Cordelia: "Well, it beats being alone all by yourself."


  1. 1.0 1.1 "The Mortuary." Buffy.com. Archived from the original on June 9, 2001.
  2. ""Episode List: Buffy the Vampire Slayer." TV Tango. Retrieved on December 4, 2019.