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"Living Conditions" is the second episode of the fourth season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer and the fifty-eighth episode in the series. Written by Marti Noxon and directed by David Grossman, it was originally broadcast on October 12, 1999, on The WB network.


ATTACK OF THE KILLER ROOMMATE — Dorm life proves to be quite an adjustment for Buffy when her roommate drives her crazy with her idiosyncrasies even invading Buffy's dreams and the gang must come together to find away to get her to move out. Away from the dorm, Buffy meets Parker Abrams, a handsome older classman who is the first guy Buffy has been attracted to since her break-up with Angel.[1]


Buffy is in her dorm room in Stevenson Hall at the UC Sunnydale campus. Her roommate Kathy Newman is cheerfully ironing her jeans while listening to Cher's "Believe." Buffy, needing to patrol, tells Kathy that she is heading out to the Grotto to get some caffeine. Before Buffy leaves, Kathy informs her that she has devised a system to keep track of calls so that they can be properly billed. She has also noticed that some of her milk was missing from the mini fridge. Buffy owns up to taking some milk for her coffee. During the conversation, the Cher song ends and Kathy quickly runs to the CD player to restart the same song.

Buffy meets up with Willow, who notes that Buffy is having trouble getting past Kathy to patrol without getting lots of questions asked, then she leaves to see Oz. As Buffy is patrolling, Kathy jumps out onto the path, claiming she decided to join Buffy at the Grotto.

Suddenly, Buffy is attacked by an orange-skinned, glowing blue-eyed demon. Before Kathy can see what is happening, Buffy shoves her into the shrubs. Buffy fights off the demon, and, when Kathy climbs out of the bushes complaining about her sweater being ruined, Buffy explains that someone tried to take her backpack. As they leave, they are watched by two of the same type of demon that just attacked; one comments: "She may be the one."

The next morning, Buffy goes to Giles' flat to describe the previous night's monster. Buffy's atypical interest in what Giles has planned for the day arouses his suspicion, and, when pressed, she admits she is avoiding her dorm room until Kathy leaves for classes. Meanwhile, Kathy is in the dorm room scrubbing the grass stain on her sweater. She spies Buffy's closet and takes a look inside. She finds a sweater that she likes and removes it from the closet. As she does this, she notices Buffy's weapon bag, pulls out a crossbow and a cross, at first looking shocked and then shrugging at such bizarre equipment.

At the Rocket Cafe, Buffy is in line when she spots Kathy. She quickly ducks behind another patron — Parker Abrams, who introduces himself and strikes up a conversation about how to maximize her dining hall card. Buffy joins Willow, Oz, and Xander, remarking that Xander is the odd man out since he is not a college student. The group discuss the encounter with Parker and the previous night's demon attack. Buffy is annoyed when Kathy — wearing Buffy's sweater — invites herself to their table. Kathy remarks that since Buffy ruined her sweater, she didn't think that she would mind. As Kathy takes a bite of her burger, Buffy watches intensely as ketchup drips onto her borrowed sweater.

That evening, Buffy complains to Willow on the phone about Kathy. As Kathy enters the room, Buffy hangs up, and Kathy reminds Buffy to log her calls then proceeds to loudly floss her teeth. Buffy goes to place an apple in the mini fridge. Upon opening it, she is stunned to find everything is now labeled with Kathy's name — including each egg. Kathy gets up and shuts the window on Buffy's side of the room. Buffy immediately goes back and opens it. Kathy picks up her book and finds it is stuck to the table with a wad of chewing gum. Buffy, who is at the moment chewing gum, swallows it while denying that she knows anything about it. Both angrily turn out their lights and go to sleep.

Buffy dreams of an orange, blue-eyed demon pouring blood down her throat, putting a scorpion on her stomach, and sucking a glowing essence from her mouth. She awakes the next morning to find Kathy staring at her and is asked if she "always makes that much noise" while she sleeps.

At school, Buffy describes the dream to Willow, Oz, and Giles. Kathy again joins the group and overhears Giles talking about analyzing dreams. Kathy remarks that she had an odd dream and describes the same dream as Buffy had. Buffy and Kathy spar passive-aggressively as Buffy tries to get Kathy to leave. Buffy asks Kathy if she shouldn't be getting to class, and Kathy remarks that her schedule is off since someone kept her up all night. Kathy leaves and Buffy complains to the group. After Buffy leaves, Giles blames the dream on the previous night's encounter with the demon and everyone expresses concern about how stressed Buffy is acting.

That night, the two demons meet again, and one confirms that "she is the one." The group chants around a large fire, preparing to summon "the great Taparrich." Buffy walks into their dorm to find Parker and Kathy chatting on Kathy's bed as Cher's "Believe" is playing again. Parker nervously gives Buffy some Ziploc bags to aid her cafeteria hoarding skills. Kathy horns in again. Buffy get annoyed and snaps at them. Parker leaves with a promise to meet up with Buffy again another time.

Buffy puts a lock on her closet while Kathy starts with the loud flossing. Buffy opens the window, and Kathy complains that she is cold. Buffy tells her to deal with it, and they argue. When Kathy calls Buffy spoiled and says "it's share time," Buffy goes to the fridge, takes Kathy's marked milk, and gulps it until its flowing out of her mouth.

Willow and Oz are walking back to Willow's dorm room discussing Buffy's odd behavior. Oz offers to watch Buffy by patrolling with her. As he walks outside to find Buffy, he passes an unknown woman, and they share a intense look. Oz finds Buffy, and she describes the argument she had with Kathy. She smashes a bench when she describes what she wanted to do with Kathy.

Back at the dorm, Kathy is cutting her toenails at the end of her bed, letting the cut pieces fly unto the floor. Buffy, annoyed, starts tapping her pencil loudly; Kathy drowns her out by turning on the CD player to hear Cher's "Believe." That evening, Buffy has the same dream again. When she wakes up in the morning, Kathy is tossing and turning.

A little later, Kathy is in the dorm hallway complaining to Willow about Buffy. Buffy approaches, and Kathy makes a quick exit. Buffy tells Willow: "Kathy is evil. I'm an evil fighter. It's simple. I'm gonna have to kill her." Buffy holds up a Ziploc bag filled with toenail clippings, which she says she collected the previous night and measured. When she measured them again in the morning, and they had grown. Buffy explains "that's a demon thing." Willow convinces Buffy to ask Giles about Kathy being a demon; as Buffy leaves, Willow calls Giles to warn him about the strange behavior.

Buffy goes to Giles to show him the toenails and is ambushed by Xander, Oz and Giles. They drop a net on her and tie her with ropes. Giles believes that Buffy is possessed by the demon from the encounter in the woods and goes to gather supplies for a spell to end the possession.

Tied-up, Buffy tries to convince Oz and Xander that Kathy is evil and needs to be stopped. They worry that they didn't tie her up well enough and, when they approach her to check, Buffy uses her free hands to smash their heads together, knocking them out.

Buffy returns to her dorm room and finds Kathy there. They decide to "talk." Buffy "accidentally" kicks Kathy's throw rug out of place, and Kathy responds by punching Buffy in the face. They begin to fight, and Buffy rips off Kathy's face to find that she is an orange, glowing blue-eyed demon. She screams that she knew it just as Kathy jumps at her.

As this happens the two demons in the woods summon Taparrich using the ritual of Mok'tagar. Meanwhile, Giles realizes that Buffy was right, using the toenail clippings as evidence. He tells Willow, Oz, and Xander that the Mok'tagar are trans-dimensional demons, and the ritual Buffy described in her dreams is used to steal someone's soul. Mok'tagar can recognize their own kind by the lack of a soul.

Kathy tells Buffy that she left her dimension without permission to attend college and fears that her family of demons will come to take her back. She wanted to "borrow" Buffy's soul so that, when the Mok'tagar came looking, Buffy would be the one without a soul, and they would take her instead of Kathy.

Giles casts a spell from his flat that returns the parts of Buffy's soul already taken during the previous nights. Taparrich, arrives to take his daughter, Kathy, back to their dimension. He opens a portal, and they both disappear.

Having had her own roommate problems, Willow moves in with Buffy and apologizes for doubting her suspicions on Kathy, and she is forgiven. They decorate the room with Willow's belongings, and Buffy watches intensely as Willow takes a bite out of Buffy's sandwich.


  • Buffy asks Giles if he is trying to recapture his youth and mentions that the last time it was "yick," referring to the episode "Band Candy" where he was under the influence of the cursed Milkbar that made him and the whole town act like teenagers.
  • Giles tells Buffy that adjusting to a roommate can be hard for an only child. Buffy's status as an only child will change a year later with the introduction of Dawn ("Buffy vs. Dracula"). Still, Buffy will be initially irritated by the presence of a younger sister ("Real Me," "The Replacement," "No Place Like Home").
  • The girl with whom Oz feels a connection on his way to Buffy is Veruca. In "Wild at Heart," Oz will discover that she is a werewolf like him, which is why he felt such a connection to her.
  • Some Initiative commandos make a brief appearance in this episode once again ("The Freshman"), but their purpose will be only revealed in "The Initiative."
  • Willow compares Buffy's behavior to their former classmate Cordelia, whom they last saw in "Graduation Day, Part Two."
  • This episode sees the departure of Buffy's roommate Kathy. Buffy will share her dorm room with Willow until she leaves UC Sunnydale ("Family").
  • It is established Hank Summers is still helping to fund Buffy's education. She'll visit him in "I Will Remember You," but an estrangement between them will be first mentioned in the episode "Family."
  • This is the sixth episode of the series without any vampires. "Witch," "The Pack," "I Robot, You Jane," "The Puppet Show," and "Inca Mummy Girl" are the first five.



Organizations and titles[]




Rituals and spells[]

Death count[]

  • None.

Behind the scenes[]


  • The official synopsis for this episode identified Parker's last name as Finch,[1] but it's revealed in-universe to be Abrams.
  • In the original script, the song Kathy plays over and over was "Butterfly" by Mariah Carey.[2]
  • Joss Whedon said that this episode is a "totally accurate portrayal of roomies — I almost hired a man to kill him when he straightened his rug one time. And he hated me even more."[3]
  • This episode, at about a quarter under 42 minutes, is the shortest of the Buffy episodes that aired on The WB. At the same time, this episode is still longer than any of those aired on UPN, with the exception of the premiere "Bargaining, Part One," the musical episode "Once More, with Feeling," and the series finale "Chosen."
  • Walter Borchert, here portraying a Mok'tagar demon, also portrays the waking vampire in "The Freshman" and the vampire Jeff in "Crush."
  • Roger Morrissey, here portraying Taparrich, also portrays the Hans and Gretta Strauss demon in "Gingerbread."


  • "Living Conditions" had an audience of 3.8 million households upon its original airing.[4]

Deleted scenes[]

  • Buffy talking to Giles about Kathy:[2]
    Buffy: "I mean, she'd make anybody nuts. She has her outfits written up on index cards, and she gives them names like 'Easter at the White House.' I find that deeply, deeply disturbed. Don't you?"
  • From Oz's dialogue:[2]
    Oz: "I'm pretty sure the next part is about fava beans and a nice Chianti."
  • After Buffy says: "I knew it! I know you were one of those demon things":[2]
    Kathy: "I'm not. Those guys are after me."
    Buffy: "Funny. I'm seeing the skin, the eyes…"
    Kathy: "So, I'm from the same dimension. But I'm not like them. They're disgusting."
    Buffy: "What, they don't live by the Kathy 'system'?"
  • After Kathy whines about Taparrich treating her as if she was only 900:[2]
    Taparrich: "When you stop acting that way. I can't tell you how much you've upset your mother."
    Xander: (to Oz outside the door) "I only hear talking. Maybe we got here in time."
    Kathy: "You never let me do anything."

Pop culture references[]

  • In discussing her roommate's pop musical taste, Buffy contrasts it with trip hop.
  • Willow says, "Did we not put the grrr in girl?" a possible allusion to the riot grrrl movement which focuses on female empowerment.
  • When Buffy discovers his motorbike and scooter magazine, Giles describes himself as a "mod" jogger, which is a British-originated subculture with a focus on fashion, music, and motor scooters.
  • Parker describes Madonna and Whitney Houston as underrated artists. He also mentions the Detroit Red Wings.


International titles[]

  • Armenian: "Ապրելու պայմանները" (Living Conditions)
  • Czech: "Životní Podmínky" (Living Conditions)
  • Finnish: "Ärsyttävä kämppäkaveri" (Annoying Roommate)
  • French: "Cohabitation Difficile" (Difficult Cohabitation)
  • German: "(K)eine Menschenseele" ((Not) a Human Soul)
  • Hungarian: "A Szobatárs" (The Roomate)
  • Italian: "Fuga dall'Oltretomba" (Escape from the Underworld)
  • Japanese: "生活環境" (Living Environment)
  • Polish: "Warunki życia" (Living Conditions)
  • Portuguese (Brazil): "Condições de Vida" (Life Conditions)
  • Romanian: "Condiții de Locuire" (Living Conditions)
  • Russian: "Условия проживания" (Living Conditions)
  • Spanish (Latin America): "Calidad de Vida" (Life Quality)
  • Spanish (Spain): "Condiciones de Vida" (Life Conditions)
  • Swedish: "Levnadsvillkor" (Living Conditions)


Promotional stills[]

Behind the scenes[]



Willow: "Happy hunting."
Buffy: "Wish me monsters."
Buffy: "So then Kathy's like, 'It's share time.' And I'm like, 'Oh, yeah? Share this.'" (punches the air a few times)
Oz: "So either you hit her, or you did your wacky mime routine for her."
Buffy: "Well, I didn't do either, actually. But she deserved it, don't you think?"
Oz: "Nobody deserves mime, Buffy."
Buffy: "And the worst part: I wake up and there's Kathy staring at me like I'm some kind of freak."
Oz: "Well, actually, the worst part, I'd have to go with the demon pouring the blood down your throat."
Willow: "Me too. I would vote for that, too."
Buffy: "Cool. You guys can do the brain thing. I'm gonna go to class."
Oz: "Which could also be construed as the brain thing."
Buffy: "Not when you're minoring in Napping 101."
Willow: "Okay, so that was the evil twin, right? 'Cause she was bordering on Cordelia-esque."
Willow: "Toenails?"
Buffy: "Evil toenails. I took them off the floor last night when she was in the bathroom. She thought I was asleep."
Willow: "Good thinking. 'Cause in the middle of the night, those toenails could have attacked you and left little half-moon marks all over your body."


  1. 1.0 1.1 "The Mortuary." Buffy The Vampire Slayer. Archived from the original on May 10, 2000.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "Living Conditions Script." BuffyWorld. Archived from the original on August 14, 2018.
  3. "Episode Guide - Living Conditions." BBC, July 2001.
  4. "Nielsen Ratings for Buffy's Fourth Season." Nielsen Ratings for Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, & Firefly. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008.