Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Season 3, Episode 16
316 Doppelgangland
Air date February 23, 1999
Written by Joss Whedon
Directed by Joss Whedon
Episode Guide
Sarah Michelle Gellar Buffy
Nicholas Brendon Xander
Alyson Hannigan Willow
Charisma Carpenter Cordelia
David Boreanaz Angel
Seth Green Oz
Anthony Stewart Head Giles
Guest Starring
Harry Groener Mayor Wilkins
Alexis Denisof Wesley
Emma Caulfield Anya
Ethan Erickson Percy
Eliza Dushku Faith
Armin Shimerman Principal Snyder
Co Starring
Jason Hall Devon MacLeish
Michael Nagy Alphonse
Andy Umberger D'Hoffryn
Megan Gray Sandy
Norma Michaels Older Woman
Corey Michael Blake Waiter
Jennifer Nicole Body-Double Willow
Christa Engelskirch Student
Band (K's Choice)
Gert Bettens Guitar Player
Sarah Bettens Singer

"Doppelgangland" is the sixteenth episode of the third season of Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and is the fiftieth episode in the series. It was written and directed by Joss Whedon. It was originally broadcast on February 23, 1999.

Wanting to be a vengeance demon again, Anya tricks Willow into helping with a spell to retrieve her power center, the amulet Giles destroyed in an alternate reality. Instead of the amulet, however, the spell transports Willow's vampire version to an unsuspecting Sunnydale.


316 Doppelgangland1

Snyder orders Willow to tutor Percy.

In a local crypt, Anya, who is now a mortal human being, begs the demon D'Hoffryn, her former boss, to create a temporal fold to allow her to go back and retrieve the necklace that was her power center. The demon denies her request, and Anya vows to get the amulet back with or without his help. At school, Willow practices floating a pencil while Buffy does sit-ups in preparation for Slayer testing. When Buffy mentions Faith, Willow loses her emotional control and the pencil goes flying into a tree.

Principal Snyder orders Willow to tutor one of the school's basketball players, Percy West, in History, despite her protests. Later, at the library, Giles asks Willow to make another attempt to break into the Mayor's files. Faith and Wesley come in after training on the obstacle field and Faith finds out about Willow searching through the Mayor's files and informs him of it.

The Mayor presents Faith with a brand new, fully-furnished apartment and then tells her that he plans to have some vampires kill Willow and make it look like a random attack. He plans on getting her out of the way so she is unable to access his computer.

316 Doppelgangland2

Willow: And I'm eating this banana. Lunchtime be damned!

Back at school, Oz meets up with Willow and informs her about a gig his band had the other night. When Willow confronts Percy about tutoring him, he gives his own interpretation of events: That she is to do his work for him. Buffy and Xander pick the wrong moment to ask Willow if she recorded "Biography" for them the other night. Willow, offended at being labeled "Old Reliable," storms away, threatening to do something irresponsible — change her look, cut class, or eat a snack between meals.

Anya finds Willow and asks her to help her with a spell—some dark magic. Willow, eager to do something shocking and unreliable, agrees. The spell involves chicken feet and the ritual pouring of sand over the representation of the object desired to be pulled out of the alternate dimension. The two perform the spell in an empty classroom, and as it's working, several scary images flash before their eyes. Shocked, Willow moves, accidentally spilling some of the ritual sand on herself. In the reality created by Anya's last spell as a vengeance demon, Willow's vampire counterpart disappears from the factory just moments before she was destined to be staked. After the spell is finished, seemingly unsuccessfully, Willow refuses to try the spell again because she is unnerved by what she saw. In an abandoned warehouse, Vampire Willow appears, looking confused.

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Anya and Willow cast a spell to create a temporal fold.

Vampire Willow walks through Sunnydale, clearly out of sorts in a world in which humans freely walk the streets at night. She enters the Bronze. Percy finds her and warns her to finish his paper. Vampire Willow throws him across the pool table, then tries to strangle him. Xander breaks up the fight and Vampire Willow recognizes him, only to be disappointed that he is actually alive. Buffy is surprised by Willow's new leather look, and even more surprised when Willow snarls at her with vampire face.

As Buffy and Xander watch her, heartbroken, Vampire Willow leaves the Bronze and is attacked by the two minions of the Mayor sent to kill the human Willow. She easily defeats them and tortures them until they agree to work for her. Her plan is to change this Sunnydale into the one she is used to.

Buffy and Xander return to the library and tell Giles the upsetting news that Willow is dead. The three sit mournfully recalling their friendship with her until the actual Willow shows up. Xander tries to chase her away with a cross, and Willow merely looks puzzled; recognizing that this Willow is not a vampire, her friends simultaneously enfold her in a crushing embrace.

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Vamp Willow: Bored now.

Meanwhile, at the Bronze, Anya tries to get a beer at the bar, claiming she's 1120 years old. The bartender, unfazed by her claim, refuses, so she settles for a Coke. Angel shows up looking for Buffy. Vampire Willow and her new minions appear, taking control of the Bronze. Angel leaves to get Buffy and Oz watches as Vampire Willow kills a girl. Anya, recognizing what has happened, approaches Vampire Willow with the idea of restoring her to her own world (and Anya's amulet to herself).

Angel goes to the library and announces that Willow is dead, before noticing Willow standing there. They all head for the Bronze, but Willow turns back to get something and is caught by Vampire Willow. The two banter back and forth until Willow finally shoots her evil double with Giles' tranquilizer gun and locks her up in the library cage. Willow ponders how weird it is to be with her double, and how completely opposite she is from herself. Buffy reassures her that there's no similarity at all between a person and the demon they become when they've been turned into a vampire. Angel starts to object that that's not true, but quickly silences himself. At Buffy's suggestion, Willow swaps clothes with her sleeping double. Uncomfortable in the tight, leather attire, Willow does her best to pose as Vampire Willow while the rest of the Scooby Gang wait outside the Bronze.

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Vamp Willow kills Sandy.

Cordelia arrives at the library and finds Vampire Willow—wearing Willow's fuzzy pink sweater—locked in the cage. Before releasing Willow, Cordelia takes the opportunity to lecture her on "the ethics of boyfriend stealing." She psychoanalyzes her relationship with Xander, saying part of the thrill of their relationship was the constant danger. Bored out of her mind, Vampire Willow humors Cordelia in order to get her to shut up. It works, and Cordelia lets her out. Vampire Willow shows her vampire face and pursues Cordelia, cornering her in a restroom. Wesley, hearing Cordelia scream, intervenes and forces Vampire Willow to depart. Cordelia hugs him and asks what he's doing that night.

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Willow: I'm a blood-sucking fiend! Look at my outfit!

Willow tries to get as many vampires as possible to go outside the Bronze, where they can pick them off one by one. She also surreptitiously signals to Oz that she's herself and not a vampire. Unpersuaded by Willow's unconvincing act at the Bronze, Anya points out to the Vampire Willow's vampire minions that their leader is a fake. Willow screams, signaling Buffy, Angel, and Giles to enter. As they fight the vampires, Willow retreats to the stage with Oz. Vampire Willow then returns, throws Oz out of the way and starts choking Willow. Buffy breaks it up, but Willow shouts for her not to stake Vampire Willow. Despite fully knowing what her evil doppelganger is capable of, Willow cannot bear to have her staked. She convinces the others to send her back, arguing that Vampire Willow should have the chance to survive in her own world, a suggestion which the doppelganger accepts. With Anya's help, Vampire Willow is returned to her world; she is transported back to the middle of the brawl in the factory. She has just enough time to smile at being returned to her reality before Oz grabs her and shoves her against a protruding piece of wood from the humans' cage, just like before. Vampire Willow has just enough time to snarl "Oh fu—" before she turns to dust.

The next day, Buffy asks Willow if she'd like to go out that night, but her experience with her vampire double has made her "feel like staying in, and doing homework, and flossing, and dying a virgin," in order to make up for the "double guilt coupons" Vampire Willow has accumulated. But then, Percy shows up, and before Willow can apologize for not doing his work, he starts treating her with great respect. He presents her with papers on both President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and President Theodore Roosevelt: he wasn't sure which one the report was supposed to be on, and he didn't feel like risking Willow's wrath again. He's even prepared a bibliography and shyly presents her with an apple. Willow, now seeing that perhaps there's something to be said for a little vice, agrees to go out for the evening.


  • Willow comments that her vampire self seemed "kind of gay." Buffy remarks that vampires and their human counterparts are nothing alike, but Angel began to correct this before letting the matter go. This episode foreshadowed Willow's homosexuality in Season Four and onward. Also, Willow's jokes about her and Oz "playing mistress of pain" might implicate a preference for BDSM, as shown by her vampire self in "The Wish", as she tortured Angel with sadistic playfulness.
  • Dark Willow later repeated Vampire Willow's phrase, "Bored now", before skinning Warren Mears in "Villains".
  • Xander later suggested that Willow would not handle having an evil twin any better than he did in "The Replacement". This prompted Willow to state "I handled it fine," referring to these events.
  • Percy later mentioned the time that Vampire Willow attacked him, still unaware it wasn't his reality's Willow, in "Graduation Day, Part One".
  • Sandy, the woman Vampire Willow bit in the Bronze, will appear again as a vampire in "Family" and then again in "Shadow", where she ultimately meets her end.
  • This episode marks the first appearance of D'Hoffryn, Anya's boss as a demon.
  • Willow and Anya first meet, marking the beginning of their mutual dislike, which would be a love/hate relationship until the end. It was also the first time they cast a spell together. 
  • Principal Snyder references the events of "Go Fish" where he, similar to this episode, wanted Willow to unfairly pass a lazy jock because of his importance to the Swim Team, which he claims in this episode was a debacle, which would be true considering four of their best players became monsters.
  • The scene where Vampire Willow walks down Sunnydale's main street, finding it full of happy people, is a shot-for-shot recreation of Cordelia walking through the same area in "The Wish". However, in Cordelia's experience is the direct opposite of Vampire Willow's. Although she never witnesses it, this one shot encapsulates the difference made by Buffy's appearance in Sunnydale. This is especially relevant in "Gingerbread", where Joyce questions whether or not Buffy really does any good by being the Slayer.

Body Count

  • Sandy, drained and sired by Vampire Willow
  • Two vampires minions, dusted by Buffy
  • One vampire minion, dusted by Giles
  • Alphonse, impaled by Buffy with a pool cue


  • Vamp Willow, dusted by Oz

Behind the Scenes


Buffy Vamp Willow Promo - Doppelgangland

Buffy Vamp Willow Promo - Doppelgangland

Original WB Promo

  • Joss liked the character of Vampire Willow when she was first introduced in "The Wish" so much that he wrote this episode specifically for her.
  • Whedon commented on the episode, "God, some of the funniest stuff we ever did was in that episode, but also the scene where they find out that Willow is alive and everybody, everybody, is so goddamn funny. It's Giles, Xander, Willow and Buffy, the fearsome foursome."
  • The episode's title is taken from the term "Doppelgänger", a German word for a look-alike or double of a living person, and "gangland", a term associated with organized crime. The form "Doppelgängland" is actually not correct German: "The land of the Doppelgängers" would be Doppelgängerland (note "-er-" inserted), while "the land with doubled gangs" would be Doppelgangland (no umlaut over the "a"). It should be noted, however, that the title is a portmanteau of German and English words. It can be read as "The land of evil doubles." The title was changed to "Doppelgängerland" in the German DVD edition.

Deleted Scenes

  • Devon offers Angel a different career track in a cut scene:
Devon: "Hey, man, how'd you like to be our roadie?"
Angel: "Less than you'd think."
  • And Xander takes responsibility in this exchange also cut:
Xander: "It's all my fault."
Giles: "What makes you say that?"
Xander: "I don't know... Statistical probability."

Pop Culture References

  • Buffy claims one of the tests she and Faith had to do under the Council's instructions was the Rorschach Test, a dated psychological test in which patients' interpretations of inkblots are analyzed. 
  • Buffy says Faith will never be on the cover of 'Sanity Fair', a reference to the magazine Vanity Fair.
  • Willow thinks Oz finds her boring for thinking that she would rather forego his gig than miss school. Oz calls that a "radical interpretation of the text", which is a reference to philosophers Donald Davidson and W. V. O. Quine.

International Titles

  • French: Les deux visages (The two faces)
  • German: Doppelgängerland (Doppelgangerland)
  • Brazilian Portuguese: A Terra dos Clones (The Land of Clones)



  • This episode is Joss' fifth favorite episode according to "The Last Sundown" featurette on the Season Seven DVD box set.
  • This is one of Alyson Hannigan's favorite Buffy episodes, according to an interview with PopWatch.
  • Alyson Hannigan loved her vampire make-up so much that she was made up again as "Vampire Willow" to attend a Halloween party that same year.
  • Andy Umberger, the actor portraying D'Hoffryn, is one of only five actors to appear in the first three of Joss Whedon's shows: Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Angel, and Firefly.
  • This episode is Willow-centric.
  • Audience members catch their first glimpse of Wesley's gallantry when he rushes to Cordelia's rescue.
  • This is not the only time Alyson Hannigan has played her own doppelganger: in How I Met Your Mother, her character, Lily, has a stripper doppelganger.
  • This episode is included in The Slayer Collection: Willow DVD.
  • Vampire Willow comments that in her world there are 'people in chains and we can ride them like ponies'. According to Kelly A. Manners show runner Joss Whedon would occasionally get down on all fours and give Alysson Hannigan and Sarah Michelle Gellar pony rides around the production office.


Willow - "Old Reliable? Yeah, great! There's a sexy nickname."
Buffy - "Oh, Will, I didn't mean ..."
Willow - "No, it's fine. I'm Old Reliable."
Xander - "She just meant, you know, the geyser. You're like a geyser of fun that goes off at regular intervals."
Willow - "That's Old Faithful."
Xander - "Isn't that the dog that the guy has to shoot ..."
Willow - "That's Old Yeller."
Buffy - "Xander, I beg you not to help me."
Anya - "For a thousand years I wielded the powers of the wish. I brought ruin to the heads of unfaithful men. I brought forth destruction and chaos for the pleasure of the lower beings. I was feared and worshiped across the mortal globe and now I'm stuck at Sunnydale High! Mortal. Child. And I'm flunking math."
Buffy - "I know Faith's not gonna be on the cover of Sanity Fair, but she had it rough. Different circumstances, that could be me."
Willow - "Where were you yesterday?"
Oz - "Mm... We got back late, sort of very."
Willow - "We? Who? Where?"
Oz - "The band. We had a gig in Monterey Sunday night."
Willow - "Oh, you did? How come I didn't know?"
Oz - "I thought you did."
Willow - "Maybe I would have liked to go."
Oz - "Didn't figure you for missing school."
Willow - "You think I'm boring."
Oz - "I'd call that a radical interpretation of the text."
Willow - "Okay, that's a little blacker than I like my arts."
Anya - "Oh, don't be such a wimp."
Willow - "That, that-that wasn't just some temporal fold, that was some weird Hell place. I-I don't think you're telling me everything."
Anya - "I swear, I am just trying to find my necklace."
Willow - "Well, did you try looking inside the sofa in Hell?"
Anya - "What a day. Gimme a beer."
Bartender - "ID." (Anya glares at him) "ID."
Anya - "I'm eleven hundred and twenty years old. Just gimme a friggin' beer!"
Bartender - "ID."
Anya - (sighs) "Gimme a Coke."
Devon - "Man, we need a roadie. Other bands have roadies."
Oz - "Well, other bands know more than three chords. Your professional bands can play up to six, sometimes seven completely different chords."
Devon - "That's just, like, fruity jazz bands."
Xander - "This isn't real."
Buffy - "I can't feel anything. Arms, legs, anything."
Giles - "She was truly the finest of all of us."
Xander - "Way better than me."
Giles - "Much, much better."
Angel - "Buffy, I... I just... Something's happened that... Willow's dead." (Buffy and Xander nod, when Angel sees Willow) "Hey, Willow. Wait a second."
Xander - "We're right there with you, buddy."
Willow - "It's really nice that you guys missed me. Say, you all didn't happen to do a bunch of drugs, did ya?"
Xander - "Will, we saw you at The Bronze. A vampire."
Willow - "I'm not a vampire."
Buffy - "You are. I-I mean you-you were. Giles, planning on jumping in with an explanation any time soon?"
Giles - "Well, uh ... something ... something, um, very strange is happening."
Xander - "Can you believe the Watcher's Council let this guy go?"
Buffy - "It was exactly you, Will, every detail. E-except for your not being a dominatrix ... as far as we know."
Willow - "Oh, right. Me and Oz play "Mistress of Pain" every night."
Xander - "Did anyone else just go to a scary visual place?"
Buffy - "Oh yeah."
Vamp Willow - "This is a dumb world. In my world, there are people in chains and we can ride them like ponies."
Willow - "I'm a blood-sucking fiend! Look at my outfit!"
Cordelia - "Do I have something on my neck?"
Vamp Willow - "Not yet."
Willow - "That's horrible! That's me as a vampire? I'm so evil and ... skanky. And I think I'm kinda gay."
Buffy - "Willow, just remember, a vampire's personality has nothing to do with the person it was."
Angel - "Well, actually ..." (gets a look from Buffy) "That's a good point."


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